If people are going to do post-publication peer review, they need to abide by the same rules as they abide by for pre-publication peer review: not being ad hominem, being respectful, giving the author a chance to respond in a reasonable way.
The conventional peer review is under a lot of challenges, criticisms, and increasing limitations now. Peer reviews which are traditional for centuries have now become better overcoming these issues. One of its evolutional models is the PPPR or Post-publication Peer Review (PPPR). By this way, authors can get their due credit by way of post-publication reviews online after the pre-publication reviews by eminent peers in the field. Rapid technology development impacts on online publication have made it possible. Peer review with this evolution will continue to safeguard the integrity of science and be the backbone of scientific publishing.
The technology has made it possible for scientific research papers to be accessible from anywhere and anytime. Hence review comments can be posted immediately on reading the research paper and shared on social media platforms. In other words, now the discussion on the strength and weakness of scientific papers are done real-time globally. It is a great leap from the pre-publication peer reviews done in rooms among a small group of scholars and editors of magazines.
In the traditional pre-publication peer review, the majority of the reviews are incorporated or discarded. All these information never see the light of the day, and hence peer reviews were lacking in transparency. With PPPR, it is now open to all to express their opinions and views on the scientific paper. It could be a boon to not only the author but also for the development and reach of science globally.
With new models of peer reviews and the impact of technology, many feel that the importance of pre-publication peer review is slowly losing its importance. Though pre-publication peer review is as old as scientific communication, it has its challenges and limitations, which include:
All of these challenges are now getting rectified with the new models like PPPR and others. Technology and challenges to the pre-publication peer reviews have necessitated the PPPR. Since most of the research papers now available online such as Nature has recently initiated post-publication process.
Despite, these there are several pros and cons.
Peer review is under a stage of transformation into new models with technology support. And only over-time, this centuries-old practice will refine to safeguard the integrity of science and encourage scientific publication of research papers.