Radiology is the study of imaging technology and a branch of medicine to diagnose and treat diseases by taking images of various parts of the body. Such techniques help the physicians to see the abnormalities inside the body. There are different imaging techniques available to examine the internal body, such as X-ray, ultrasound, computed tomography scan, fluoroscopy, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography scan, etc. Radiology is essential to identify and diagnose many diseases, especially cancer. Because the condition becomes un curable when it becomes severe and early diagnosis saves lives. Without diagnosing any illness and not only cancer, there can be no treatment, and there can be no cure. In recent times, nuclear medicine gaining a lot of attention as the radiology specialist can interpret the radioactive substances that have been used to diagnose/treat disease. A radiologist can also treat disease through radiation oncology, nuclear medicine and image-guided surgery, as the process is minimally invasive.
Radiology can be divided into two different areas, such as diagnostic radiology and interventional radiology. Diagnostic radiology helps the health care professionals to examine the structures inside the body, and the person interprets these images are called a diagnostic radiologist. With the help of these imaging techniques, the experts can diagnose the cause of a symptom, monitors the response to a treatment that one receives for treatment and screening different illness, includes breast cancer, heart disease, and colon cancer, etc. Interventional radiology helps professionals to guide procedures. The imaging helps the health care professional to view and operate accordingly. For example, interventional radiology helps doctor when inserting catheters and other small instruments and tools into the patient's body while treating cancers, blood vessel blockages, fibroids in the uterus, back pain, liver and kidney problem. The health care professionals use this technology to diagnose or treat in any part of the body instead of viewing the body through scope or wit surgery. This advancement helps patients not to stay after the procedure and needs minimal care on the wound after treatment.
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