Subject matter experts
Neurology is the study of the nervous system, and it deals with the central nervous system and the peripheral nervous system. The nervous system includes the brain and spinal cord as its major organs, and it is called the 6th sense. The other five sense organs are visual, auditory, olfactory, gustatory, and tactile. These organs send a signal through afferent nerve or sensory nerve which carries information from the sensory organ to the central nervous system. Such sensory inputs are processed, integrated, and the motor outputs are sent back to the efferent organs through sensory nerve as a motor response. The efferent organs are muscles and glands, and the chemicals that the neurotransmitter uses for transmitting signals are acetylcholine and dopamine. The peripheral nervous system is of two types; one is somatic, which is a voluntary system synchronizes the skeletal body movement. The other one is autonomic, which is an involuntary system synchronizes the sympathetic (act on the emergency situation) and parasympathetic (act on resting phase).