Subject matter experts
Gynecology is the study of the female reproductive system. In the earlier days, obstetrics deals with pregnancy and childbirth and gynecologist deal with the disease in the female reproductive system. But now, OB-GYN (Obstetrics – Gynecologist) deals with both the cases. The basic function of the female reproductive system includes the production of egg or OVA and production of secondary sexual characteristics (i.e. wide pelvis, breast growth, pubic hair). The female reproductive system is of three types, such as external genitalia, internal genitalia, and mammary gland.
External genitalia is medically called as VULVA, and it is otherwise called as PUDENDUM. It consists of the urethral orifice (to pass urine), anal orifice (to pass fecal matter) and introitus (to pass menstrual discharge, fetal birth and sexual intercourse). Bartholin gland is a mucus-producing gland which lubricates introitus during sexual intercourse, and it locates adjacent to the introitus.