Comparative Study Methodology
The comparative method involves examining one thing in relation to another. Usually, the object of inquiry is compared over space and time. Based on pubrica team experts comparative approaches can be both qualitative and quantitative in nature. For example, there is frequently a trade-off: the more models are compared, the fewer similar variables are accessible, and vice versa.
When looking for patterns of similarities and differences, explaining continuity and change, the comparative technique is frequently used. For example, the Most Similar Systems Design (which compares very similar cases that differ in the dependent variable, on the assumption that this will make it easier to find those independent variables that explain the presence/absence of the dependent variable) or the Most Different Systems Design are frequently used in comparative research. A difficulty in comparative research is that what appears to be the same category across nations may be defined very differently in these same countries.
Comparative case studies- Methodological Briefs
To develop more detailed information regarding causal problems, such as how and why certain programs or policies succeed or fail, comparative case studies analyze and synthesize the similarities, differences, and trends across two or more examples with a shared emphasis or purpose. For example, when conducting an experimental design is impractical, or when it is necessary to explain how the context affects the performance of program or policy efforts, they may be chosen as a good impact evaluation design. Comparative case studies typically combine qualitative and quantitative methods. They are accommodating for comprehending how the context affects an intervention's effectiveness and for understanding how to tailor the intervention to the particular context better to achieve the desired outcomes.
Structure of comparative research questions
A comparative research question must be created in five steps:
- Select a topic sentence.
- Identify and label the dependent variable.
- Pick out the groupings you're interested in.
- Pick out the relevant adjacent text.
- Specify the comparative research question in clinical writing.
Structure of relationship-based research questions
A relationship-based research question must be built in six steps:
- Select your opening sentence.
- Determine the independent variable.
- Determine the reliant variable.
- Name the group.
- Choose the pertinent abutting text;
- Formulate the relationship-based research question.
Use comparative research studies when contrasting two people groups, frequently across national borders. To comprehend both groups better, these studies compare and distinguish these two groups. Comparisons result in fresh perspectives and improved comprehension of all parties concerned. These investigations are more expensive since they also call for cooperation, capable teams, advanced technology, and access to global databases. When funds and resources are available, use a comparative research design.
Quan-Haase, Anabel, and Luke Sloan, eds. The SAGE handbook of social media research methods. Sage, 2022.
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