Motivations, challenges, recommendations, and methodological aspects of medical app evaluation: a systematic review

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In brief

Mobile applications have attracted much attention recently (in the future, “apps”). Some of these applications aren’t very useful, and they don’t have a lot of material, so they don’t benefit end-users as much as they should. This study aims to examine and analyse papers related to medical app evaluation across various platforms. It also attempted to explore academic problems, motives, and suggestions linked to quality evaluations and current best practices in Systematic Review Writing.


Mobile applications have attracted a lot of attention in recent years. Their everyday usage has become established in the lives of people worldwide, with estimates putting the number of app users at about 2.5 billion in 2019. Applications built to run on mobile devices are referred to as mobile apps. Because of the rapid adoption of smartphones and other benefits, such as their efficacy, accessibility, and convenience, not only for end-users but also for developers who are driven to produce apps rather than web-based services to Conducting a Systematic Review, the quantity and popularity of these applications are rapidly growing. Because of their popularity, apps include a wide range of content, including business, education, medical, gaming, sports, and more.

To evaluate app content, a systematic or quality evaluation is required. Such evaluations need considerably more than just knowledge and expertise, and they are frequently time-consuming and technically challenging. This is a fragmented process that sometimes necessitates continuous subjectivity. The slow-paced scientific technique for app review, the lack of features that may assist discover potentially beneficial applications, and the shortage of available apps that have been empirically examined are all barriers to app quality evaluations. Pursuing this assessment domain was urged for various reasons, including the quality of information in an app or information for an app, which would assist in creating a quality-based app and the consideration of strategies to ensure the app’s quality. Apps that require quality control and validation are also called for in the literature.


For various scientific reasons, researchers and scholars are drawn to their recognised professions. Some people are inspired by the importance of themes such as hot trends in research, new ideas, and special issues in scientific journals, while others are interested in the advantages the topics may provide, such as treating a sickness, raising awareness, or making any contribution. Different significances and motives reveal academics’ interest in systematic app assessment over mobile applications.


Search strategy

The content was only chosen based on research publications and review articles during the search and screening process in Clinical Trial Systematic Review Services. This choice was judged the best for identifying the most recent and related items pertinent to the review’s assigned topic.


The most typical academic problems that a researcher may confront are issues and concerns. Whether or not a challenge is directly connected to a researcher’s field of interest or has an indirect influence, it necessitates further efforts to address it and progress science in that domain. Challenges are dispersed throughout numerous categories for systematic evaluation of mobile applications, and they are grouped based on similar qualities to make them easier to grasp for future researchers and studies.


A researcher’s perspective on a specific issue changes considerably by the conclusion of the research journey. Much information was gathered, and a researcher’s experience increased. Furthermore, one of the essential aims for academicians and researchers is to mitigate such concerns and determine what kind of academic message should be delivered to other researchers on that subject. As a result, this section summarises researchers’ work by proposing future mobile app evaluation studies. The subsection recognises three critical points: content, research, and development, and provides good suggestions to each.

Methodological aspects

This section discusses the methodological aspects of prior studies on mobile applications and their evaluation. Various elements are examined and recognised to enlighten future scholars in this field who have used similar settings and methodologies in Writing A Systematic Review.


The number of studies relating to mobile applications continues to rise. However, despite the relevance of the prior debate, it still requires further assessment measures. Mobile app assessment is considered an emerging and essential topic. The study’s key contributions include a comprehensive survey and classification of mobile app evaluation and techniques. In the literature, several patterns have been discovered, and the articles that have been recognised have been divided into two groups. Challenges, reasons, and recommendations fall under the first category related to dialogue. The second category is concerned with the methodological elements of app evaluation. Such contributions would help in a better understanding and progression of the subject. Then, different applications were focused on other app evaluation purposes, and various academics were involved.


1. Tang AK. A systematic literature review and analysis on mobile apps in m-commerce: implications for future research. Electron Commer Res Appl. 2019;37:100885

2. Alamoodi, A.H., Garfan, S., Zaidan, B.B. et al. A systematic review into the assessment of medical apps: motivations, challenges, recommendations and methodological aspect. Health Technol. 10, 1045–1061 (2020). 

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