Learn the author-year format of citing references.
Students have various referencing style options to choose from and one such style is the Harvard referencing style. You use an author-date style for citing references. Harvard style of referencing varies among universities. Two key elements are parenthetical (in-text) citations and a bibliography (list of references). Universities recommend the Harvard style in a variety of subjects. A specific versioning of Harvard referencing is unavailable; however, the author-date format reveals credibility and your sources.
Every author’s name that is included in in-text citations should also show in the list of references at the last page of the document and vice-versa. Correct citations are important to show the quality and credibility of your work and in the Harvard case you mention the last name of the author and year of publication.
Harvard style of referencing states strict conventions for references and in-text citations. Vital pieces of information means writers must place the last name and publication year toward the end of the line.
On the contrary, if the author is given importance then the in-text citation appears before the quoted text. See the following examples:
Follow the conventions of in-text citations. When 2 authors are quoted at the end of a line inside a parentheses then use an ampersand (&) to distinguish their surnames. On the other hand, when authors are quoted at the start of a line then use the word “and” to split their surnames. Here is an example.
Williams and Keats (2012, p. 22) remarked that allergy may be caused by prolonged exposure to dust.
Place the list of references at the final page or end of a dissertation, list all authors who appear in-text. Referencing or citations preempts plagiarism (academic or publishing misdemeanor) and enhances chances of your work being published. Another aspect of the manuscript is that it reveals the validity of your arguments; in addition, readers look to the references section to ascertain sources and trace them. Besides, you acknowledge or credit other authors’ work—this is a sign of your credibility. Literature review shows how much homework or research you have done and citing it right is the way to go.
Same author but different work: use 2-em dash convention. Here is an example.
Kelly, Martha & Ken, LT 2012, ‘Causes of mental illness in teenagers,’ Journal of Psychology, vol. 13, no. 1, pp. 183-189.
___2012a, ‘The price of taboo of mental ailments,’ Review of Psychiatry, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 191-221.
___2012b, ‘Quality of relationships in patients with multiple personality disorder,’ Review of Psychiatry, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 161-171.
To conclude, Harvard style is easy to master once you start using it. Remember, always cite your sources